While life goes on during the Bush2 nightmare, so does the research
on what really happened here in 2004 to give George W. Bush a second term.
Pundits throughout the state and nation---many of them alleged Democrats---continue
to tell those of us who question Bush's second coming that we should "get
over it," that the election is old news.
But things get curiouser and curiouser.
In our 2005 compendium HOW THE GOP STOLE OHIO'S 2004 ELECTION & IS RIGGING
2008 (www.freepress.org), we list more than a hundred different ways the Republican
Party denied the democratic process in the Buckeye State. For a book of documents
to be published September 11 by the New Press entitled WHAT HAPPENED IN OHIO?,
we are continuing to dig.
It turns out, we missed more than a few of the dirty tricks Karl Rove, Ken
Blackwell and their GOP used to get themselves four more years. In an election
won with death by a thousand cuts, some that are still hidden go very deep.
Over the next few weeks we will list them as they are verified.
One of them has just surfaced to the staggering tune of 175,000 purged voters
in Cuyahoga County (Cleveland), the traditional stronghold of the Ohio Democratic
Party. An additional 10,000 that registered to vote there for the 2004 election
were lost due to "clerical error."
As we reported more than a year ago, some 133,000 voters were purged from the
registration rolls in Hamilton County (Cincinnati) and Lucas County (Toledo)
between 2000 and 2004. The 105,000 from Cincinnati and 28,000 from Toledo exceeded
Bush's official alleged margin of victory---just under 119,000 votes out of
some 5.6 million the Republican Secretary of State. J. Kenneth Blackwell, deemed
Exit polls flashed worldwide on CNN at 12:20 am Wednesday morning, November
3, showed John Kerry winning Ohio by 4.2% of the popular vote, probably about
250,000 votes. We believe this is an accurate reflection of what really happened
But by morning Bush was being handed the presidency, claiming a 2.5% Buckeye
victory, as certified by Blackwell. In conjunction with other exit polling,
the lead switch from Kerry to Bush is a virtual statistical impossibility. Yet
John Kerry conceded with more than 250,000 ballots still uncounted, though Bush
at the time was allegedly ahead only by 138,000, a margin that later slipped
to less than 119,000 in the official vote count.
At the time, very few people knew about those first 133,000 voters that had
been eliminated from the registration rolls in Cincinnati and Toledo. County
election boards purged the voting registration lists. Though all Ohio election
boards are allegedly bi-partisan, in fact they are all controlled by the Republican
Party. Each has four seats, filled by law with two Democrats and two Republicans.
But all tie votes are decided by the Secretary of State, in this case Blackwell,
the extreme right-wing Republican now running for Governor. Blackwell served
in 2004 not only as the man in charge of the state's vote count, but also a
co-chair of the Ohio Bush-Cheney campaign. Many independent observers have deemed
this to be a conflict of interest. On election day, Blackwell met personally
with Bush, Karl Rove and Matt Damschroder, chair of the Franklin County (Columbus)
Board of Elections, formerly the chair of the county's Republican Party.
The Board of Elections in Toledo was chaired by Bernadette Noe, wife of Tom
Noe, northwestern Ohio's "Mr. Republican." A close personal confidante
of the Bush family, Noe raised more than $100,000 for the GOP presidential campaign
in 2004. He is currently under indictment for three felony violations of federal
election law, and 53 counts of fraud, theft and other felonies in the "disappearance"
of more than $13 million in state funds. Noe was entrusted with investing those
funds by Republican Gov. Robert Taft, who recently pled guilty to four misdemeanor
charges, making him the only convicted criminal ever to serve as governor of
The rationale given by Noe and by the Republican-controlled BOE in Lucas and
Hamilton Counties was that the voters should be eliminated from the rolls because
they had allegedly not voted in the previous two federal elections.
There is no law that requires such voters be eliminated. And there is no public
verification that has been offered to confirm that these people had not, in
fact, voted in those elections.
Nonetheless, tens of thousands of voters turned up in mostly Democratic wards
in Cincinnati and Toledo, only to find they had been mysteriously removed from
the voter rolls. In many cases, sworn testimony and affidavits given at hearings
after the election confirmed that many of these citizens had in fact voted in
the previous two federal elections and had not moved from where they were registered.
In some cases, their stability at those addresses stretched back for decades.
The problem was partially confirmed by a doubling of provisional ballots cast
during the 2004 election, as opposed to the number cast in 2000. Provisional
ballots have been traditionally used in Ohio as a stopgap for people whose voting
procedures are somehow compromised at the polls, but who are nonetheless valid
Prior to the 2004 election, Blackwell made a range of unilateral pronouncements
that threw the provisional balloting process into chaos. Among other things,
he demanded voters casting provisional ballots provide their birth dates, a
requirement that was often not mentioned by poll workers. Eyewitnesses testify
that many provisional ballots were merely tossed in the trash at Ohio polling
To this day, more than 16,000 provisional ballots (along with more than 90,000
machine-spoiled ballots) cast in Ohio remain uncounted. The Secretary of State
refuses to explain why. A third attempt by the Green and Libertarian Parties
to obtain a meaningful recount of the Ohio presidential vote has again been
denied by the courts, though the parties are appealing.
Soon after the 2004 election, Damschroder announced that Franklin County would
eliminate another 170,000 citizens from the voter rolls in Columbus. Furthermore,
House Bill 3, recently passed by the GOP-dominated legislature, has imposed
a series of restrictions that will make it much harder for citizens to restore
themselves to the voter rolls, or to register in the first place.
All this, however, pales before a new revelation just released by the Board
of Elections in Cuyahoga County, the heavily Democratic county surrounding Cleveland.
Robert J. Bennett, the Republican chair of the Cuyahoga Board of Elections,
and the Chair of the Ohio Republican Party, has confirmed that prior to the
2004 election, his BOE eliminated---with no public notice---a staggering 175,414
voters from the Cleveland-area registration rolls. He has not explained why
the revelation of this massive registration purge has been kept secret for so
long. Virtually no Ohio or national media has bothered to report on this story.
Many of the affected precincts in Cuyahoga County went 90% and more for John
Kerry. The county overall went more than 60% for Kerry.
The eliminations have been given credence by repeated sworn testimony and affidavits
from long-time Cleveland voters that they came to their usual polling stations
only to be told that they were not registered. When they could get them, many
were forced to cast provisional ballots which were highly likely to be pitched
in the trash, or which remain uncounted.
Ohio election history would indicate that the elimination of 175,000 voters
in heavily Democratic Cleveland must almost certainly spell doom for any state-wide
Democratic campaign. These 175,000 pre-2004 election eliminations must now be
added to the 105,000 from Cincinnati and the 28,000 from Toledo.
Therefore, to put it simply: at least 308,000 voters, most of them likely Democrats,
were eliminated from the registration rolls prior to an election allegedly won
by less than 119,000 votes, where more than 106,000 votes still remain uncounted,
and where the GOP Secretary of State continues to successfully fight off a meaningful
There are more than 80 other Ohio counties where additional pre-November, 2004
mass eliminations by GOP-controlled boards of elections may have occurred. Further
"anomalies" in the Ohio 2004 vote count continue to surface.
In addition, it seems evident that the Democratic Party will now enter Ohio's
2006 gubernatorial and US Senate races, and its 2008 presidential contest, with
close to a half-million voters having been eliminated from the registration
rolls, the vast majority of them from traditional Democratic strongholds, and
with serious legislative barriers having been erected against new voter registration
Bob Fitrakis and Harvey Wasserman
are co-authors of HOW THE GOP STOLE AMERICA'S 2004 ELECTION & IS RIGGING
2008, available via www.freepress.org. They are co-editors, with Steve Rosenfeld,
of WHAT HAPPENED IN OHIO?, coming in September from The New Press. Important
research for this piece has been conducted by Dr. Richard Hayes Philips, Dr.
Norm Robbins and Dr. Victoria Lovegren.