The CIA mind-control apparatus has been well known since 1975, when 10 large boxes
of documents were released pursuant to Freedom of Information Act requests.
Several good books were then written on the subject of the CIA program known
as MK-ULTRA. Officially spanning ten years from 1952-62, MK-ULTRA involved the
use of LSD on unwitting military and civilian subjects in the United States.
LSD and more powerful compounds were given under duress as brainwashing and
truth serum drugs. The program’s aim was to find drugs which would irresistibly
bring out deep confessions or wipe a subject’s mind clean and program
him or her as “a robot agent.”
In experimental test situations, people were given acid without their knowledge,
then interrogated under bright lights with doctors sitting in the background
taking notes. Threats would be made. The test subjects were told that their
LSD “downer trips” would be extended indefinitely if they refused
to reveal their closely-guarded military secrets. The people being interrogated
in this way were CIA employees, U.S. military personnel and, abroad, agents
suspected of working for the other side in the Cold War. Long-term severe debilitation
and several documented deaths resulted. Much, much more could be said about
None of this prepared people for the explosive testimony made on March 15,
1995, in Washington, D.C., before the President’s Committee on Radiation,
however. In unpublicized sessions, New Orleans therapist Valerie Wolf introduced
two of her patients who had uncovered memories of being part of extensive CIA
brainwashing programs as young children (in one case, starting at age seven).
Their brainwashing included torture, rape, electroshock, powerful drugs, hypnosis
and death threats. According to their testimony, the CIA then induced amnesia
to prevent their recalling these terrifying sessions.
Both Wolf and her patients stated that they recovered the memories of this
CIA program without regression or hypnosis techniques. In other words, these
patients spontaneously discovered this information about themselves and their
Although the committee was mainly concerned with radiation, they permitted
Valerie and her patients to testify because, astonishingly, several doctors
who had administered the mind-control experiments had also been identified by
other Americans secretly exposed to radiation. Apparently there was a crossover.
Prominent names surfaced in the March 15 testimony: Richard Helms, former head
of the CIA, Dr. Sidney Gottlieb, who ran MK-ULTRA and Dr. John Gittinger, Gottlieb’s
protege. These men and others were directly accused of participating in grisly
mind-control efforts on children.
Predictably, this testimony received no media attention.
I now have it all, including many pages submitted to the committee that will
likely never be released as part of their final report. Only a small percentage
of the pages were read aloud at the hearing. Included are corroborating statements
from other therapists around the country and several of their patients. I have
now released all of this testimony as a book, U.S. Government Mind-Control Experiments
When the sickening shock starts to wear off, deeply disturbing questions flood
one’s mind: just what was this CIA program? How extensive was it? What
was its purpose?
From what I have been able to discover so far, many American children,
as well as children from Mexico and South America, were used over a period of
about 40 years, starting around 1948. In fact, the program may still be going
on. Doctors and agents who administered it wanted to obtain control over the
minds of these children, ostensibly to create superagents who wouldn’t
remember even what missions they carried out, because of hypnotically induced
amnesia (which could be removed by their controllers and reinstalled at will).1
Children were trained as sex agents, for example, with the job of blackmailing
prominent Americans - primarily politicians, businessmen and educators. A great
deal of filming was done for this purpose. Eventually, people from the inner
core of the CIA program filmed each other, and some of the centres where children
were used as sex agents got out of control and turned into CIA-operated sex
Some children were considered expendable and simply murdered.
One person who states that he was in this program as a child said,
off the record:
“They tried out their brainwashing techniques on the kids from
Mexico and South America. They were considered expendable. But on another echelon
of the program, they went after the best and the brightest American kids. Making
perfect agents to combat the Soviets wasn’t, I don’t think, their
ultimate objective. I can’t remember what that was.”
At this point, I made a suggestion:
“Well, if they were choosing the best and brightest, maybe they
figured these kids would one day rise to important positions in the society,
and they wanted to gain long-term control over them, so they would be under
their thumb, so they could tap them at will - a way of controlling the future
“Maybe,” he said. “The Nazis gained control over
the intelligentsia in Germany. That was a very key step in their dominance.
That was the first thing they did”.
“This smells very much like a Nazi program in the U.S.,”
I said. “I don’t mean all the controllers were German, but the style
of it, the insanity.”
He said, “They brought over a lot of Nazi doctors after the war
and not just to build rockets - for a lot of projects.”
Other people who said that they had been used as children in the program
remember that doctors with German accents were definitely present at the sessions.
One therapist, who shared this information informally with colleagues around
the country, states that, so far, the oldest person she has heard of who was
in the program is now 52; the youngest is now nine.
Since a number of people who were brainwashed, tortured and drugged
in these experiments try to resolve their experiences in therapy, psychiatrists
and other professional therapists are hearing these stories. They are told,
for example, that CIA controllers sometimes dressed up in Satanic costumes to
further traumatize the children, also providing a cover that wouldn’t
be believed if the children ever talked.
It is worth noting that there is a movement to discredit these “recovered”
memories, and the most prominent group, the False Memory Syndrome Foundation
(FMSF), has several board members with CIA or military-intelligence connections
- including the notorious Dr. Louis “Jolly” West of UCLA, who tried
to establish a center for “the study of violence” at the university
in the 1970s. This center’s specialty would have been psychosurgery, a
horrendous melting of brain connections, supposedly to curb people’s “violent
FMSF maintains that a person always remembers abuse done to him or her, and
therefore any new recovery of it in therapy is false and must have been fabricated
through misleading suggestions by the therapist. While it is certainly true
that such inducement happens in therapy, the blanket statement that all recovered
memory is invented is unsubstantiated.
In a written statement to Dr. Wolf that was included in her testimony to the
president’s committee, well-known researcher and psychiatrist, Colin Ross
“Published articles in my files include descriptions of administration
of 150 mcg of LSD to children age 5-10 years on a daily basis for days, weeks,
months, and in a few cases even years. Neurosurgeons at Tulane, Yale, and Harvard
did extensive research on brain electrode implants with intelligence funding,
and combined brain implants with large numbers of drugs including hallucinogens.”
Ross based his report on his more than 20 years of investigating CIA mind control.
Chris De Nicola, one of Dr. Wolf’s patients who testified before the
president’s committee, named her controller as a Dr. Greene, a name reported
by several other mind-control subjects. It may well be that this name was a
cover used by various CIA and military-contracted experimenter-torturers. Here
is a quote from her testimony:
“[Dr. Greene] used me in radiation experiments both for the purpose of
determining the effects of radiation on various parts of my body and to terrorize
me as an additional trauma in the mind-control experiments. [She was eight years
“The rest of the experiments took place in Tucson, Arizona, out in the
desert. I was taught how to pick locks, be secretive, use my photographic memory
to remember things and a technique to withhold information by repeating numbers
to myself. [She is obviously talking about being trained as an agent.]
“Dr. Greene moved on to wanting me to kill dolls that looked like real
children. I stabbed a doll with a spear once after being severely tortured,
but the next time I refused. He used many techniques but as I got older I resisted
more and more.
“He often tied me down in a cage, which was near his office. Between
1972 and 1976 he and his assistants were sometimes careless and left the cage
unlocked. Whenever physically possible, I snuck into his office and found files
with reports and memos addressed to CIA and military personnel. Included in
these files were project, subproject, subject and experiment names with some
code numbers for radiation mind-control experiments which I have submitted in
my written documentation. I was caught twice and Dr. Greene tortured me ruthlessly
with electric shock, drugs, spinning on a table, putting shots in my stomach,
in my back, dislocating my joints and hypnotic techniques to make me feel crazy
Is there a precedent for this kind of sadistic treatment by CIA and military
personnel? Indeed there is. Here is a quote from the introduction to
my book, U.S. Government Mind-Control Experiments On Children. It contains information
from reliable published sources; such as The Search for the Manchurian Candidate,
by John Marks2, Acid Dreams, by Martin Lee3 and The Mind Manipulators, by Alan
Scheflin4. In part, these authors derived their information on the CIA and MK-ULTRA
from the ten boxes of information released suddenly in 1975 by the agency in
response to Freedom of Information Act requests:
“Dr. Robert Heath of Tulane University, as early as 1955, working
for the Army, gave patients LSD while he had electrodes implanted deep inside
“Canadian researcher, Dr. Ewan Cameron, under long-term CIA contract,
attempted to depattern, and reprogram his psychiatric patients’ personalities
wholesale. He started with 15 to 65 days of ‘sleep therapy,’ during
which a patient was kept under nearly 24 hours a day, through the administration
of cocktails of Thorazine, Nembutal, Seconal, Veronal, and Phenergam. Throughout
this sleep period, the patient would be awakened two or three times a day for
electroshock treatments, given at an intensity 20-40 times the ‘normal’
“In the mid-1950’s, Paul Hoch, M.D., a man who would become
Commissioner of Mental Hygiene for the State of New York, then a laborer in
the field for the CIA, gave a ‘pseudoneurotic schizophrenic’ patient
mescaline. The patient had a not-unfamiliar heaven-and-hell journey on the compound.
But Hoch followed this up with a transorbital leucotomy... Hoch also gave a
patient LSD, and a local anesthetic, and then proceeded to remove pieces of
cerebral cortex, asking at various moments whether the patient’s perceptions
Claudia Mullin, the other of Dr. Wolf’s patients who testified
before the President’s Committee on Radiation, said her experiences with
CIA mind-control experiences began when she was seven years old:
“In 1958, I was to be tested, they told me, by some important
doctors coming from a place called the ‘Society’ [the Human Ecology
Society, a CIA front]. I was told to cooperate; answer any of their questions.
Then, since the test ‘might hurt,’ I would be given ‘shots,
x-rays, and a few jolts of electricity.’ I was instructed not to look
at anyone’s face too hard and to ignore names,’ as this was ‘a
very secret project’ but to be brave and all those things would help me
“A Dr. John Gittinger tested me and Dr. Cameron gave me the shocks
and Dr. Greene the x-rays... By the time I left to go home, just like every
time from then on, I would recall nothing of my tests or the different doctors.
I would only remember whatever explanations Dr. Robert G. Heath [of Tulane Medical
School] gave me for the odd bruises, needle marks, burns on my head and fingers
and even the genital soreness. I had no reason to believe otherwise. Already,
they had begun to control my mind!
“The next year, I was sent to a place in Maryland called Deep
Creek Cabins to learn how to ‘sexually please men.’ Also, I was
taught how to coerce them into talking about themselves. It was Richard Helms
(Deputy Director of the CIA), Dr. Gottlieb, Captain George White and Morse Allen,
who all planned on filming as many high government and agency officials and
heads of academic institutions and foundations as possible... I was to become
a regular little ‘spy’ for them, after that summer, eventually entrapping
many unwitting men, including themselves, all with the use of a hidden camera.
I was only nine when this kind of sexual humiliation began.”
Captain George White was a notorious agent for the CIA. He set up a
brothel in San Francisco in the 1960s and, using hidden cameras, filmed men
having sex with prostitutes. The men’s drinks were “spiked”
with LSD. In 1950, Morse Allen, another important CIA man, was appointed head
of Project BLUEBIRD, another CIA mind-control program.
Ms. Mullin states that she was adopted when she was two years old.
By the time she reached seven she had already been abused extensively by her
mother. Her mother apparently turned her over for “testing” to CIA-connected
people and Claudia then entered a 27-year period of what can only be called
enslavement. Claudia states that she has been monitored, that she is still monitored
and watched by agency related people, including a medical doctor. Now living
in New Orleans, she has given information to local police authorities about
her situation. In her testimony to the president’s committee, Claudia
“Although the process of recalling these atrocities is certainly not
an easy task, nor is it without some danger to myself and my family... I feel
the risk is worth taking.”
Claudia’s therapist, Dr. Wolf, has written to the president’s committee,
“To the best of my knowledge, [Claudia] has read nothing about mind-control
or CIA covert operations. Since she decided to listen carefully and remember
as much as she could about conversations among the researchers, her memories
are extraordinarily complete. I have sent written copies of memories to Dr.
Alan Scheflin [author of The Mind Manipulators] for validation and he has confirmed
that she has knowledge of events and people that are not published anywhere,
that some of her memories contain new information and that some are already
known and published. Some of her memories have been confirmed by family members.
She has also shown me old scrapbooks where she wrote notes to remember what
was happening to her and hid the notes under pictures in the scrapbook.”
I spoke with Alan Scheflin in May  of this year. He said he had found
one piece of information Claudia had mentioned in her recollections that had
no precedent in published material. It involved a connection between two government
This is just the tip of the iceberg on the 130 pages of testimony given before
the President’s Committee on Radiation, and it is also just the beginning
of a history that will undoubtedly widen in the coming months and years. Dr.
Wolf told me that when word got around she was going to testify before the president’s
committee, she was contacted by about 40 therapists “in just the 10 days
leading up to my trip to Washington.” The therapists had heard similar
CIA mind-control stories from their own patients. Many of these professionals
are afraid to go on the record about their patients’ stories, as censure
from their professional societies is a reality. The political mood these days
is not conducive to granting an aura of credibility to revelations of CIA brainwashing.
So what else is new?
1. See “From the Inside Out,” Perceptions,
March/April 1995, p.58
2. Paddington Press, New York, 1978
3. W.W. Norton, New York, 1979
4. Grove Press, New York, 1985
Jon Rappoport is a distinguished investigative reporter and the author of AIDS,
INC. He can be found inhabiting the late night airwaves of KPFK radio in Los
Angeles and lecturing at the Hardware Humanitarian House in Santa Monica, California.
Reprinted from Perceptions magazine, Issue 11, Sept./Oct. 1995.